Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory disease of the bowel which is medically known as enteritis. The inflammation can produce damage to any portions of the GI or gastrointestinal tract and may have varying severity. The symptoms can be localized to the stomach area but it can also invade the blood stream, producing systemic symptoms in the process. The disease progression is different for every individual so it will be helpful to learn about Crohn’s disease life expectancy and how it can be managed properly.
What Are Its Causes?
Crohn’s disease may be caused by almost 30 risk factors that are genetic in nature that attacks the immune system of the body. Each of these factors contributes to the disease so a patient should have several risk factors in order to experience the disease symptoms.
Genetic predisposition can be the main culprit in this disease since Crohn’s disease if traced in the family can be the major factor why other family members are suffering from the disease. There are genes that are responsible for the disease and these are the XBP1 and NOD2 genes.
Diet and lifestyle can also be one of the main causes of this disease because various studies have shown that this occurs to those who eat lots of meats and milk protein. So, the life expectancy may also vary depending on predisposing factor to the disease. Other than these, smoking and drinking as well as the use of contraceptive pills are also attributed to the development of the disease.
The Truth behind Crohn’s Disease Life Expectancy
In essence, Crohn’s disease is not a life-threatening condition. In fact, patients who have this have a very long life span that may be similar to regular individuals. Generally, males with this condition are expected to live for 78 years while women can go as far as 79 years. These data are based on the standard life expectancy computation for people who have the disease.
These data do not imply that patients with this condition can be lenient about the disease because if the disease is neglected the consequences are further inflammation and infection that may increase the severity of the disease over time and decrease Crohn’s disease life expectancy.
The disease effect is felt by many individuals but not everyone is taking it seriously so this can be the reason why there may be people with this disease who suffer from major complications.
What Are The Symptoms?
Crohn’s disease has a very slow progression so it is possible that symptoms may not appear for years. Typically, the symptoms begin to show up when the affected tissue surface increases. The most common symptoms of this disease include the following:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Cholangitis ( inflamed bile ducts )
- Feces with blood, pus or mucus
All of these symptoms can occur once the disease is at its mid-severe to severe stage. Once in remission, the disease may not exhibit any symptoms but there is still a huge chance that the disease will occur again most especially if proper care was not employed. Thus, Crohn’s disease life expectancyactually depends on the immediate attention and care provided once it is diagnosed.
As mentioned, Crohn’s disease is not really fatal. It only requires proper attention and anyone who is suffering from this can recover in time. Basically, medication and treatment is utilized to treat the disease and this includes the administration of anti-inflammatory agents like corticosteroids. Antibiotics are also given to eliminate the infection. The antibiotic treatment can last for 7-14 days only as excessive intake of antibiotics can harm beneficial bacteria.
Following the disease diet can also be a great way to hasten the treatment of the disease. Foods that should be taken include the following:
- Fiber rich foods like fruits and vegetables
- Fish and seafood
- Lean protein i.e. chicken, turkey
- Plenty of water
- Pre-digested nutritional beverages
There are also certain foods that can aggravate the condition so these must be avoided:
- Milk/dairy products
- Fatty foods
- Gas forming foods i.e. cabbage, beans, carbonated beverages
Overall, Crohn’s disease life expectancyis something that is not alarming but must be taken seriously with the appropriate care and treatments to promote healing and prolong life.